I n recent years, US society has seen a sea change in the perception of transgender people, with celebrities such as Caitlyn Jenner and Laverne Cox becoming the recognizable faces of a marginalized population. Transgender rights have also become a mainstream political issue, and the idea that people should be referred to by the names and pronouns they find most fitting—whether or not these designations match those on their birth certificates, or align with the categories of male and female—is gaining acceptance. Yet a biological understanding of the contrast between the natal sex and the gender identity of transgender people remains elusive. In recent years, techniques such as functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI have begun to yield clues to possible biological underpinnings of the condition known as gender dysphoria.
Transgender vs Transsexual - Differences Explained (incl. video) | Diffen
Gender studies are leaving the college halls and heading into the lab. Increasingly, there have been more rigorous studies in how transgender people neurologically relate to the sex they identify with rather than their biological sex. From genetics to brain activity, scientists are delving into the complicated cultural, neurological and biological aspects of sex and gender. Public discourse can be divisive and often ends up muddling the real scientific inquiry into this subject.
Causes of transsexuality
The brain activity of transgender people matches that of the gender they want to live as, and not as the gender they were assigned at birth, according to a groundbreaking new study. Researchers at the VU University Medical Center in the Netherlands examined the brain activity of transgender people — including teenage boys and girls with gender dysphoria — using MRI scans. They found that those who were assigned male at birth, but felt they were living in the wrong body, had brain structure and neurological patterns that were similar to those assigned female at birth.
The study of the causes of transsexuality investigates gender identity formation of transgender people, especially those who are transsexual. Transsexual people have a gender identity that does not match their assigned sex , often resulting in gender dysphoria. The most studied factors are biological. Certain brain structures in trans women have been found to be similar to cisgender women's as opposed to cis men's, and trans men's have been found to be similar to cis men's, even controlling for hormone use , which can also cause trans people's brains to become closer to those of cis people of the same gender.